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10 Common Rocks & Minerals You Can Find in Wyoming

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Since Wyoming is the 10th largest U.S. state, it makes sense that there are treasure troves of rocks, minerals, and gems hidden in its landscape. Explore the rockhounding world of Wyoming in this informative post.

As you explore the Equality State, keep a lookout for these common rocks and minerals:

  • agate,
  • jade,
  • jasper,
  • petrified wood,
  • opal,
  • tourmaline,
  • barite,
  • azurite,
  • malachite,
  • and copper.

In a state as large as Wyoming, it’s helpful to have some direction as you go on your rockhounding adventures. Use the information in this post to guide you towards the many natural treasures of the Equality State.

Common Rocks and Minerals in Wyoming
Common Rocks and Minerals in Wyoming

If you are interested in checking out the best rockhounding tools you can find them by clicking here (Amazon link).

What Rocks Are Found in Wyoming

You can collect all sorts of unique and colorful rocks from Wyoming, such as:


LocationGPS Coordinates
Big Horn River44.120509, -107.971602
Sweetwater41.482621, -109.258069
Warm Springs43.559577, -108.821725
Blacks Fork Creek41.293833, -109.536169
Moss Agate Hill42.639795, -105.684848
Kemmerer41.781230, -110.559031
Where to Find Agate in Wyoming

If there’s one rock that you are sure to find in Wyoming, it’s agate. This rock exists almost everywhere in the state, and there are a few different types.

Some agates that rockhounds often collect in this state include dry head agates, moss agates, banded agates, Sweetwater agates, and Turritella agates. Fortunately, all these types of agates are plentiful in the Equality State, so there’s a high chance that you’ll be able to find one or more.

Wherever you go in Wyoming, it’s best to always look out for agates, but some areas where they are particularly plentiful are the Big Horn River, Sweetwater, and Warm Springs. 


LocationGPS Coordinates
Carbon County41.417578, -107.110105
Atlantic City42.483620, -108.722115
Sublett County42.710982, -109.899621
Seminoe Reservoir41.982321, -106.824609
Warm Springs43.559577, -108.821725
Fremont County43.559950, -108.821854
Where to Find Jade in Wyoming

Did you know that nephrite jade is the official state gemstone of Wyoming? When jade was first discovered in Wyoming during the 1930s, it sparked a jade rush that lasted for decades. High-quality jade is surprisingly plentiful throughout Wyoming, and it’s one of the reasons why many rockhounds visit this state.

Carbon County, Fremont County, and Sublett County are three hot spots for jade in Wyoming. Warm Springs and the Seminoe Reservoir are also top-notch areas for this rock.

TIP: Identifying real jade is challenging and requires professional gemologist help and state-of-the-art laboratory equipment in the case of expensive stones. Find out more in the article below:
Identifying Real Jade Mineral (Step-by-Step Guide)


LocationGPS Coordinates
Laramie Mountains41.633232, -105.665744
Sage Hen Creek42.568580, -107.609858
Blacks Fork Creek41.293447, -109.536727
Green River41.526052, -109.483470
Warm Springs43.559391, -108.821467
Atlantic City42.479315, -108.721428
Where to Find Jasper in Wyoming

As you explore Wyoming, you’ll likely see red and yellow jaspers sitting along creek beds and other waterways. Jaspers and agates go hand in hand in this state, so if you spot one, you’re highly likely to see the other. 

To collect Wyoming jaspers, visit the Laramie Mountains, Sage Hen Creek, and the Blacks Fork Creek.

Petrified Wood

Petrified Wood
Petrified Wood
LocationGPS Coordinates
Steamboat Mountain41.966457, -108.967128
Blacks Fork Creek41.293382, -109.536340
Buffalo44.340681, -106.719351
Atlantic City42.485139, -108.720055
Thorofare Wilderness44.035120, -109.889303
Warm Springs43.559391, -108.821467
Where to Find Petrified Wood in Wyoming

Did you know that Wyoming has multiple types of petrified wood? In addition to regular petrified wood, there’s also silicified wood and opalized wood, which are two unique forms of petrified wood. There’s a decent amount of petrified wood all over the state, especially in the western regions. 

For petrified wood, stop by Steamboat Mountain or Blacks Fork Creek. For opalized and silicified wood, the Thorofare Wilderness and Warm Springs are the places to be. 

Recommendation box: All tools and equipment you need for rockhounding and rock identification* (Amazon links):

1. Estwing Rock Hammer – Light, comfortable, and extremely durable hammer.
2. Estwing Geologist Pick – Classic and the most trusted paleo pick in the world.
3. Finder 12-inch Chisels – Heavy-duty chisels set with hand protection.
4. Mini Handle Shovel – This is a great tool for digging deep in the dirt.
5 Ironclad Utility Work Gloves – Breathable, but they also protect the areas requiring them most.
6. 3M Safety Glasses – Comfortable and efficient goggles for rockhounding.
7. Convoy 8+ UV Light – 365nm UV LED flashlight with a patented glass filter.
8. Wesley’s Jewelers Loupe – High magnification options (30X and 60X) with carrying case.
9. Mohs Hardness Kit – A specially designed kit for rockhounds

*All recommended products are personally tested and regularly used by experts from this website.

What Minerals Are Found in Wyoming

Wyoming has just as many interesting minerals as it does rocks, which you’ll see below:


LocationGPS Coordinates
Carbon County41.578035, -107.049681
Park County44.454783, -109.898097
Rattlesnake Hills42.820357, -107.352308
Absaroka Mountains43.961203, -109.330318
Riverton43.030116, -108.411354
Yellowstone44.427446, -110.588798
Where to Find Opal in Wyoming

Did you know that one of the largest opal deposits in the world is in Wyoming? This deposit exists in Cedar Rim, south of Riverton, and the opals that are produced are typically white to light blue. In addition, rockhounds also find precious and fire opals in this state, though they do tend to be rarer. 

After you search near Riverton for opals, you can also look near Carbon County and Park County for this desirable gem.


LocationGPS Coordinates
Atlantic City42.486405, -108.730698
Albany County41.740283, -105.666599
Fremont County42.842371, -108.492903
Casper42.813587, -106.350171
Goshen County42.020929, -104.486159
Carbon County41.578035, -107.049681
Where to Find Tourmaline in Wyoming

Tourmalines come in many colors, but the ones from Wyoming tend to be black or pink. Tourmalines are exceptionally common in this state, and you’ll often spot them in the Precambrian pegmatites.

Sometimes this mineral appears on its own in Wyoming, and other times it comes with many other minerals, including quartz and muscovite. 

There are a few counties that are known for their tourmalines, including Albany County, Fremont County, Carbon County, and Goshen County.


LocationGPS Coordinates
Mine Hills42.256545, -105.823148
Medicine Bow Mountains41.890695, -106.202992
Sierra Madre41.188418, -107.047402
Albany County41.732085, -105.721531
Carbon County41.623220, -107.088133
Shoshone Canyon44.514059, -109.131259
Where to Find Barite in Wyoming

There have been some interesting barites from Wyoming, including blue barites and specimens with crystals over an inch long. While these might be rare, barite itself is a common mineral in the Equality State, and it often comes from Wyoming’s limestones. 

Mine Hills, Medicine Bow Mountains, and the Shoshone Canyon all have plenty of barites for rockhounds to add to their collections.

TIP: Rock tumbling can be an enjoyable process of transforming your hunt into something even more beautiful. Check out the best rock tumbling tips and tricks below:
13 Clever Tips & Tricks For Rock Tumbling You Should Know


LocationGPS Coordinates
Warren Peak 44.473499, -104.445362
Rawhide Buttes42.572092, -104.499505
Grand Encampment41.207332, -106.800990
Kirwin Mine43.876563, -109.287679
Green Hope Mine42.498700, -104.770238
Goshen County42.049489, -104.442213
Where to Find Azurite in Wyoming

Because Wyoming has large copper deposits, it makes sense that it has plenty of azurite. Wyoming azurite is often discovered with malachite, but it can also be found with barite or galena. Most of the azurite from this state is in the eastern areas, but the western regions also have some great specimens. 

Warren Peak, Rawhide Buttes, and Grand Encampment are the best areas to go for azurite in Wyoming. A few of the mines, such as Green Hope Mine and Kirwin Mine, also produce this mineral. 


LocationGPS Coordinates
Rawhide Buttes42.572092, -104.499505
Jay Em42.461101, -104.370660
Copper Prince Mine44.482507, -104.493075
Warren Peak44.473499, -104.445362
Grand Encampment41.207848, -106.802707
Kirwin Mine43.873934, -109.280383
Where to Find Malachite in Wyoming

As mentioned above, azurite typically comes with malachite in this state, but this doesn’t apply to malachite itself, which can come with many other minerals besides azurite. The areas with plenty of copper tend to have malachite, and eastern Wyoming has the majority of this colorful mineral.

Rockhounds look for malachite near Rawhide Buttes, Jay Em, and the copper mines of this state, such as Copper Prince Mine and Kirwin Mine.


LocationGPS Coordinates
Thermopolis43.650659, -108.221844
Sunrise42.329801, -104.705604
Copper King Mine41.144226, -105.182963
Converse County43.011320, -105.337950
Sierra Madre41.188418, -107.047402
Copper Prince Mine44.482507, -104.493075
Where to Find Copper in Wyoming

As you might have guessed from the previous sections, Wyoming is rich in copper. There are many copper mines in this state, which are great areas for collecting copper and other minerals.

If you are in eastern Wyoming, you’ll have plenty of opportunities to gather this shiny mineral. While you might not be able to search the copper mines themselves, the surrounding areas are excellent sites for rockhounds.  

Thermopolis, Sunrise, and Sierra Madre are famous for their copper deposits, along with the copper mines Copper Prince Mine and Copper King Mine.

TIP: Hidden treasures still await those willing to seek them out. Wyoming’s diverse terrain offers many opportunities for gold prospecting enthusiasts. Find out more below:
Gold Prospecting in Wyoming: 7 Best Locations & Laws

FAQ About Common Rocks & Minerals in Wyoming

Let’s dive deeper into the Wyoming rockhounding world with the following FAQs:

What Rare Rocks Can You Find in Wyoming

Wyoming has a great selection of rare rocks, including jade, agate, jasper, petrified wood, opalized wood, silicified wood, dinosaur bones, and fossils.

The large amount of agates in this state is truly astonishing, and there are multiple types, including moss, banded, and dry head. The other rock that this state is known for is petrified wood, which includes silicified wood and opalized wood as well. 

If you can only visit one area in Wyoming for rare rocks, head on over to Warm Springs. You’ll notice that this area is listed for every one of the rocks in this article since it has an incredible number of rare rocks and minerals.

What Rare Minerals Can You Find in Wyoming

Even though precious gems and rare minerals aren’t abundant in Wyoming, this state does offer some collectible rare minerals, including opal, tourmaline, azurite, gold, sapphire, fluorite, moonstone, aquamarine, ruby, and labradorite.

Of these minerals, opals, tourmalines, and azurites are the most common, and ruby and sapphire are the rarest, which adds up since they are precious gems. Most rockhounds choose to look for opals in this state since its home to one of the largest opal deposits in the world. 

The copper mines and mountains of this state are, without a doubt, the best places to search for rare minerals, gems, and metals. Take a look at the locations above to learn where to go for certain minerals.

BTW: Do you want to know more about rock and mineral identification? The books listed below are the best ones you can find on the internet (Amazon links):

What is the Most Famous Rock or Mineral Found in Wyoming

Even though Wyoming doesn’t have a state rock or mineral, it does use jade as its state gem. Surprisingly, Wyoming has some of the highest-quality nephrite jade, and it’s abundant throughout the state.

It’s easy to see why this alone would be a magnet for rockhounds or collectors, and there was even a short jade rush that occurred back in the 1930s. 

Jade is found all throughout Wyoming, but if you want to visit a place that has multiple rare rocks, set your GPS for Warm Springs. You can also scroll up to see some more locations for jade in this state. 


Wyoming, a land known for its scenic beauty and interesting history, possesses a unique assortment of rocks and minerals. Who would have guessed that you can collect jade, opal, gold, agate, tourmaline, and more from a single state!

Perhaps you’ll collect some nephrite jade or gem-quality precious opals during your Wyoming adventures. While you might not know exactly what you’ll find in this state, you can be certain that you’ll return home with some one-of-a-kind natural treasures!

TIP: The majority of counties in Wyoming contain numerous minerals, rocks, gemstones, and fossils. Check out the complete rockhounding guide in the article below:
Where to Rockhound in Wyoming & What You Can Find